Category Archives: Les apports de la technologie dans l’éducation

Kids can teach themselves, Hole in the Wall, Sugara Mitra

Sugara Mitra , Inde, TED, 2007, 20:59, sub in 30 languages

Screen Shot 2016-04-09 at 10.37.39 AMSpeaking at LIFT 2007, Sugara Mitra presents his Hole in the Wall project. Young kids in this project figured out how to use a PC in english on their own — and then taught other kids. He asks, what else can children teach themselves?

Educational researcher Sugata Mitra is the winner of the 2013 TED Prize. His wish: Build a School in the Cloud, where children can explore and learn from one another. He demonstrates that learning can be a self-organised system as long as collective interactions are able to fuel the system.

Educational researcher Dr. Sugata Mitra’s “Hole in the Wall” experiments have shown that, in the absence of supervision or formal teaching, children can teach themselves and each other, if they’re motivated by curiosity and peer interest. In 1999, Mitra and his colleagues dug a hole in a wall bordering an urban slum in New Delhi, installed an Internet-connected PC, and left it there (with a hidden camera filming the area). What they saw was kids from the slum playing around with the computer and in the process learning how to use it and how to go online, and then teaching each other.

The “Hole in the Wall” project demonstrates that, even in the absence of any direct input from a teacher, an environment that stimulates curiosity can cause learning through self-instruction and peer-shared knowledge. Mitra, who’s now a professor of educational technology at Newcastle University (UK), calls it “minimally invasive education.”

At TED2013, Sugata Mitra made a bold TED Prize wish: Help me build a place where children can explore and learn on their own — and teach one another — using resouces from the worldwide cloud.

The Basics of Scenario-Based e-Learning

Scenario-Based e-Learning to Improve Learners’ Engagement by Christopher Pappas, February 2014

There are a myriad of instructional design theories and models to choose from when creating eLearning courses. In fact, selecting the one that fits your students’ or employees’ needs can often be a challenging task. However, if you are looking for a model that is ideally suited to improve learner engagement, then scenario-based eLearning may be the solution.Scenario-Based eLearning, essentially, immerses the learners in real life or situational simulations or learning experiences that allow them to gather skills or information that they will recall for future use. Information offered within a contextual setting enables learners not only to easily manage it within their working memory, but also to commit it to their long-term memory. There are a number of core characteristics for scenario-based learning, including:

  • Realism In order to fully engage learners, the scenarios must be as realistic as possible, while still providing students or employees with the required information. 
  • Learner-centric The task should draw upon learners’ core strengths and allow them to use skill sets that they are developing, while at the same time improve upon their weak points.
  • Involve applied learning strategies Each scenario should involve skills or knowledge that learners have already gathered and which can be applied to the current task. Under this method, learners learn by doing, rather than just merely reading or hearing about the information.
  • Interactive Learners become fully immersed in the task and scenario, thanks to a high level of interactivity (even in virtual classroom settings). The interactive modules should rely upon real world experience rather than theoretical information.

How Scenario-Based eLearning Improves Engagement and Understanding

There are a variety of reasons for why scenario-based eLearning helps to improve learners’ engagement and understanding of core concepts. Here are just a few of the most convincing arguments for using scenario-based eLearning:

  • Motivates the learner Students or employees are motivated to learn thanks to the fact that they know they possess the skills needed to accomplish the task and are being given the opportunity to build upon these particular skills. In essence, they understand that they are going to be challenged, but they are aware that they have the tools to meet the challenge and successfully overcome it.
  • Allows the learners to directly see the eLearning rewards When learners can see the benefits of the eLearning course; they are more likely to get the most out of it. Rather than teaching the materials from a book or through a lecture, learners participate within a scenario in which they can directly see how the skills and knowledge will benefit them in the long term.
  • Challenges the learner without overwhelming their mental capacity A good scenario-based eLearning activity or task will challenge learners to the degree in which they can expand their knowledge base without overwhelming them. If they feel that they cannot successfully navigate the scenario, then they will not give the effort that is required. As such, scenario-based eLearning can provide them with real world obstacles and problems that they will face in order to expand their skill sets and knowledge base, while keeping them engaged in the eLearning process. 

Love Math Screen Shot 2016-04-09 at 10.44.03 AMPar GPA Learn, un site parmi d’autres, qui donne une clef de ce que peut être l’apprentissage avec le numérique. Le concept est déjà vieux mais c’est structuré. Pub:

Our revolutionary, web-based math learning application includes:

  • A robust curriculum with Guided Instruction, Adaptive Practice and Formative Assessments
  • A safe, encrypted communication network so teachers, students and parents stay informed on progress and achievement
  • Real-time dashboard views of progress by class, student, presented by topic or math standards
  • Professional Development and training on LoveMath™, which complements your current curriculum and a variety of classroom models
  • Personalized learning with access to all K-5 grades, powering remediation or advancement

  Experience the most comprehensive and engaging math learning platform in the industry today. La pub avec Numérateur et Dénominateur, ca fait sourire, ca donne envie ou ca fait méga-peur ?

Are you an extreme learner?

An extreme learner is a trailblazer of the new learning landscape. For them, it’s not about an exam score or degree—the process is the product.

Extreme learners are powered by technology. They harness a fast-expanding world of knowledge that is increasingly at their fingertips. They know that learning now can be done anywhere at anytime.

Extreme learners are renegades who take charge of their own education. They apply novel feedback mechanisms and optimize their learning experiences. They have learned how to learn. And you can, too.

Extreme learners defy traditional definitions of teacher and student. They design their own curricula from online courses, get their hands dirty at community laboratories and hackerspaces, and seek out mentors. They help others learn, participating in an active learning exchange. They are teachers as much as they are learners.

Sikana, Révolutionnons l’éducation ensemble Un outil universel pour une vie meilleure

Sikana est une organisation à but non-lucratif qui a pour objectif d’enrichir la vie du plus grand nombre grâce à des programmes vidéos dans des catégories variées comme l’alimentation, la musique, l’agriculture bio, la santé, ou le sport.

La mission de Sikana est d’offrir la meilleure éducation à tous et d’enrichir la vie de chaque personne afin qu’elle puisse mener une vie heureuse, indépendante et digne.

Initiée par un groupe d’amis, entrepreneurs et producteurs, Sikana opère avec la croyance que l’éducation peut changer nos vies. Désormais, Sikana améliore la vie de millions de personnes à travers le monde chaque mois.

Mirror Neurons Vilayanur Ramachandran: The neurons that shaped civilization, TED video India 2009 7mn36

Neuroscientist Vilayanur Ramachandran outlines the fascinating functions of mirror neurons. Only recently discovered, these neurons allow us to learn complex social behaviors, some of which formed the foundations of human civilization as we know it. Imitation is important. Neurone miroir

En neurosciences cognitives, les neurones miroirs joueraient un rôle dans la cognition sociale, notamment dans    l’apprentissage  par imitation, mais aussi dans les processusaffectifs, tels que l’empathie. Le professeur Ramachandran, une autorité dans le domaine, les appelle neurones empathiques.

Les États-Unis déjà dans l’après-Mooc

Les États-Unis déjà dans l’après-Mooc,, correspondante aux Etats-Unis, Jessica Gourdon, publié le 25.09.2014

  1. Les Mooc sont-ils toujours un succès aux États-Unis ?

Côté public, oui. Plus d’un million de personnes ont suivi les Mooc de Harvard, et 800 000 ceux du MIT, selon des chiffres révélés par EdX en début d’année. Un tiers des élèves vivent aux États-Unis. Toujours selon ces données, les deux tiers sont titulaires d’un diplôme de licence (bachelor) et la moyenne d’âge est de 28 ans. En revanche, le taux d’abandon est important. Seuls 9% des inscrits ont vu plus de la moitié du cours, et 5% l’ont validé en entier.

Autres questions abordées :

  1. Qu’en pense la communauté académique ?
  2. Les cours prennent-ils de nouvelles formes ?
  3. Sont-ils reconnus par les universités ?
  4. Qu’en pensent les employeurs ?
  5. Ont-ils vraiment influencé l’enseignement traditionnel ?